Is cysteamine soluble in water?
Solubility : Soluble in water (Miscible), methanol, ether (Very slightly), alcohol, and alkaline media.
Where is cysteamine found?
Pharmacology. People with cystinosis lack a functioning transporter (cystinosin) which transports cystine from the lysosome to the cytosol. This ultimately leads to buildup of cystine in lysosomes, where it crystallizes and damages cells.
What is cysteamine hydrochloride used for?
Cysteamine is used to treat eye problems in people with cystinosis, a hereditary metabolic disorder that causes build-up of a certain natural substance (cystine) in the body. This medication helps get rid of cystine build-up in the eyes.
Is cysteamine a thiol?
Cysteamine (cys) or 2-mercaptoethylamine is an aminothiol endogenously synthesized by human body cells during the co- enzyme A metabolism cycle (Fig. 1). In 1953, cys was found to be one of the most potent thiol de- rivatives in the protection against ionizing radiation .
How do you use a Cyspera?
Apply a thin layer on the skin. Leave on for 15 minute. A warming sensation may occur and last up to 30 minutes. Remove after exactly 15 minutes by washing off with a gentle cleanser.
What is cysteamine cream?
Cysteamine cream is a skin-lightening agent for the treatment of hyperpigmentation disorders such as age spots, melasma and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Is cysteamine a drug?
Most experience with cysteamine as a drug originates from the field of the orphan disease cystinosis, in which cysteamine is prescribed to decrease intralysosomal cystine accumulation. However, over the years, the drug has been used for several other applications both in vitro and in vivo.
Who makes cysteamine?
Horizon Pharma USA, Inc. Horizon Pharma USA, Inc. Additional Information: RP103 (marketed as PROCYSBI) is now approved by the US FDA for management of nephropathic cystinosis in patients 6 years and older.
Can I use Cyspera twice a day?
Incidentally, by down-regulating the activity of tyrosinase, cysteamine may even, in principle, reduce the risks of vitiligo. Hyperpigmentation may result from subclinical irritation that causes the skin to get darker. We recommend stopping using Cyspera® for 2 weeks and moisturize several times daily.
How long can you use Cyspera?
Cyspera is sold in a 1.75 oz size and should last about 3 months when you are using it once daily as indicated for your initial protocol. Many clients notice a significant improvement in as little 6 weeks and will begin their maintenance phase at this time.
Can I use Cyspera everyday?
Cyspera® best performance has been demonstrated when applied for 15 minutes everyday. A constant treatment for 3 up to 6 months will give you the best results. In clinical studies, results were seen as early as 8 weeks with daily use.