Where does Class A airspace begin and end?
Class A airspace is generally the airspace from 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL) up to and including flight level (FL) 600, including the airspace overlying the waters within 12 nautical miles (NM) of the coast of the 48 contiguous states and Alaska.
In what year did the FAA enact the age 60 rule?
In 1959, the Federal Aviation Admin- istration (FAA) established a rule (the “Age-60” Rule) that required airline pilots to retire upon reaching their 60th birthday. Since that time, there have been many unsuccessful petitions to exempt people from the rule, and many unsuc- cessful challenges to the rule in court.
Is Class D airspace controlled?
Since Class D airspace is controlled to the surface, you can request a Special VFR (SVFR) clearance when weather conditions are below the standard minimums. Under Special VFR, you need to remain clear of clouds and maintain a flight visibility of at least 1 SM.
Where is class F airspace?
Class F airspace is often used in the UK as a kind of “GA airway.” It designates preferred paths with a advisory ATC service that GA traffic can use. For example, there is a class F route defined between the north west of England and the Isle of Man.
Do you need permission to enter Class C airspace?
You don’t need clearance or any permission to enter class C, D, or E controlled airspace. No “permission” needed to enter, but two-way communication with your tail number must be established. That communication may well consist of “N1234, remain clear of the class D (or C), check back in 5 minutes.”
What airspace is above Class A?
Class E airspace
Airspace at any altitude over FL600 (60,000 MSL) (the ceiling of Class A airspace) is designated Class E airspace. The U.S. does not use ICAO Class F. Class G (uncontrolled) airspace is mostly used for a small layer of airspace near the ground, but there are larger areas of Class G airspace in remote regions.
Why do airline pilots have to retire at 65?
Airlines were struggling to hire pilots fast enough before the pandemic struck. The U.S. enforces a mandatory retirement age of 65 for commercial airline pilots. Due to demographic factors and the history of the U.S. airline industry’s growth, a huge number of pilots will turn 65 during the 2020s.