What is the simple definition of electrolysis?


What is the simple definition of electrolysis?

electrolysis, process by which electric current is passed through a substance to effect a chemical change. The chemical change is one in which the substance loses or gains an electron (oxidation or reduction).

What is electrolysis a level?

Electrolysis is the breaking down of a compound into its elements using an electric current.

What is the negative electrode called in electrolysis?

the cathode
Positively charged ions move to the negative electrode, and negatively charged ions move to the positive electrode. The negative electrode is called the cathode and the positive electrode is called the anode. Ions are discharged at the electrodes producing elements. This process is called electrolysis.

What are 3 uses of electrolysis?

Uses of electrolysis:

  • Electrolysis is used in the extraction of metals from their ores.
  • It is used for refining certain metals such as copper and zinc.
  • Electrolysis is used for the manufacture of chlorine.
  • Electrolysis is used for electroplating many things we use every day.

What is produced at the anode in electrolysis?

At the anode Oxygen is produced (from hydroxide ions), unless halide ions (chloride, bromide or iodide ions) are present. In that case, the negatively charged halide ions lose electrons and form the corresponding halogen (chlorine, bromine or iodine).

What are the rules for electrolysis?

The laws state that (1) the amount of chemical change produced by current at an electrode-electrolyte boundary is proportional to the quantity of electricity used and (2) the amounts of chemical changes produced by the same quantity of electricity in different substances are proportional to their equivalent weights.

Why is dc used in electrolysis?

In electrolysis, a direct electric current is used to drive the non-spontaneous chemical reaction. The direct current helps to deposit the cation in the cathode and the anions in the anode. Thus, in the electrolysis process, the direct current of constant magnitude is used.

Why is DC used in electrolysis?

Do anions go to the anode or cathode?

Anions. The positively charged electrode in electrolysis is called the anode . Negatively charged ions are called anions . They move towards the anode.