What is hydrazine used for?


What is hydrazine used for?

Hydrazine is mainly used as a foaming agent in preparing polymer foams, but applications also include its uses as a precursor to polymerization catalysts, pharmaceuticals, and agrochemicals, as well as a long-term storable propellant for in-space spacecraft propulsion.

Who produces hydrazine?

The two current chemical producers of hydrazine in the United States are the Olin Corporation in Lake Charles, Louisiana, and Miles Inc. in Baytown, Texas. The chemical was also produced by Fairmount Chemical Company, Inc., Newark, New Jersey, as recently as 1987.

Why is hydrazine so toxic?

Liquid hydrazine on the skin is quickly absorbed and acts as a neurotoxin. Burning hydrazine is extremely hot, but produces no visible flame (yes, it’s like invisible fire!) which can quickly spread to other combustible materials (clothes, skin, etc.).

How much hydrazine is on an F 16?

In F-16, the EPU carries ~25l of hydrazine, which permits operation for about 10 minutes under normal load conditions and 15 minutes if the loads are less (i.e. in ground).

Is hydrazine hydrate explosive?

Not flammable or combustible.

How do you dispose of hydrazine?

Hydrazine is a waste chemical stream constituent which may be subjected to ultimate disposal by controlled incineration with facilities for effluent scrubbing to abate any ammonia formed in the combustion process. USEPA; Engineering Handbook for Hazardous Waste Incineration p. 2-10 (1981) EPA 68-03-3025.

Is hydrazine bad for the environment?

It concluded that hydrazine may be entering the environment in a quantity or concentration or under conditions that have or may have an immediate or long-term harmful effect on the environment or its biological diversity and that constitute or may constitute a danger in Canada to human life or health.

What happens if you inhale hydrazine?

Symptoms of acute (short-term) exposure to high levels of hydrazine may include irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, dizziness, headache, nausea, pulmonary edema, seizures, and coma in humans. Acute exposure can also damage the liver, kidneys, and central nervous system in humans.