What is epidemiological research?


What is epidemiological research?

Research concerned with describing and explaining the occurrence of disease in populations.

What is epidemiology and examples?

The term epidemiology is now widely applied to cover the description and causation of not only epidemic, infectious disease, but of disease in general, including related conditions. Some examples of topics examined through epidemiology include as high blood pressure, mental illness and obesity.

What is epidemiology in simple words?

Epidemiology is considered the basic science of public health. In simple terms, it’s the study of who gets sick and why. “Epidemiology” literally means “the study of what is upon the people.” The word comes from the Greek epi, meaning “upon,” demos, meaning “people,” and logos, meaning “study.

What is the purpose of an epidemiological study?

Epidemiologic studies are the foundation for disease control and prevention through tracking the prevalence of the disease, characterizing the natural history, and identifying determinants or causes of the disease. . It defines risk factors for a disease and targets for preventive medicine.

What is an epidemiological data?

Epidemiological data are different from experimental data, and refer to various nonexperimental observations, including population exposure levels and health effect values observed from the samples.

Why is epidemiological research important?

Epidemiology identifies the distribution of diseases, factors underlying their source and cause, and methods for their control; this requires an understanding of how political, social and scientific factors intersect to exacerbate disease risk, which makes epidemiology a unique science.

How are epidemiological studies used?

Epidemiologic studies can be used for many reasons, commonly to estimate the frequency of a disease and find associations suggesting potential causes of a disease. To achieve these goals, measures of disease (incidence) or death (mortality) are made within population groups.

Why do we study epidemiology?

Epidemiology is a cornerstone for understanding and improving population health. Its methods underpin medical research, investigates the causes of disease, and evaluates intervention to prevent or control disease. Now, more than ever, there is a global need for epidemiological expertise.

What is epidemiology?

What is Epidemiology? minus. Related Pages. Epidemiology is the method used to find the causes of health outcomes and diseases in populations. In epidemiology, the patient is the community and individuals are viewed collectively. By definition, epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, and data-driven) of the distribution (frequency,

What are the research methods in epidemiology?

Research Methods in Epidemiology Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and in specified populations and the application to control health problems. Classified as either descriptive or analytical, a variety of epidemiologic approaches can be used to allow assessment of hypothesized r …

Is epidemiology a quantitative science?

First, epidemiology is a quantitative discipline that relies on a working knowledge of probability, statistics, and sound research methods.

What are the 5 characteristics of Epidemiology?

1 Study. Epidemiology is a scientific discipline with sound methods of scientific inquiry at its foundation. 2 Distribution. 3 Determinants. 4 Health-related states or events. 5 Specified populations. 6 Application. 7 Summary.