What is Borrelia in microbiology?


What is Borrelia in microbiology?

Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto is a bacterial species of the spirochete class in the genus Borrelia, and is one of the causative agents of Lyme disease in humans. Along with a few similar genospecies, some of which also cause Lyme disease, it makes up the species complex of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato.

What are Borrelia organisms?

Borrelia is a genus of bacteria of the spirochete phylum. Several species cause Lyme disease, also called Lyme borreliosis, a zoonotic, vector-borne disease transmitted by ticks. Other species of Borrelia cause relapsing fever, which are transmitted by ticks or lice, depending on the species of bacteria.

Why is Borrelia a spirochete?

The spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi is a tick-borne obligate parasite whose normal reservoir is a variety of small mammals [1]. Whereas infection of these natural hosts does not lead to disease, infection of humans can result in Lyme disease, as a consequence of the human immunopathological response to B.

What diseases are caused by spirochetes?

Of mammalian pathogens, some of the most invasive come from a group of bacteria known as the spirochetes, which cause diseases such as syphilis, Lyme disease, relapsing fever and leptospirosis.

What is Borrelia burgdorferi classification?

SpirochaetesLyme disease spirochete / Class

What is Borrelia Turcica?

Borrelia turcica, a member of the reptile-associated Borrelia clade, is vectored by Hyalomma aegyptium. The only suggested reservoir hosts of B. turcica are tortoises of the genus Testudo.

What type of organism is Borrelia burgdorferi?

Lyme disease organism – Borrelia burgdorferi Borrelia burgdorferi is a spirochete bacteria that causes Lyme disease. It is similar in shape to the spirochetes that cause other diseases, such as relapsing fever and syphilis.

What kingdom is Borrelia burgdorferi in?

Data Quality Indicators:

Kingdom Bacteria Cavalier-Smith, 2002 – bactéries, bacteria, bacterias, bactérias
Subkingdom Negibacteria Cavalier-Smith, 2002
Phylum Spirochaetae Garrity and Holt, 2001
Class Spirochaetes Cavalier-Smith, 2002
Order Spirochaetales Buchanan, 1917

How do spirochetes affect humans?

spirochete, (order Spirochaetales), also spelled spirochaete, any of a group of spiral-shaped bacteria, some of which are serious pathogens for humans, causing diseases such as syphilis, yaws, Lyme disease, and relapsing fever.