What diseases are common in Brazil?


What diseases are common in Brazil?

Vectorborne Diseases

  • MALARIA. Almost all malaria in Brazil occurs in the Amazon Basin, although the mosquito vector is present in much of the country.

What are the 3 major waterborne diseases?

Commonly recognized waterborne infections are:

  • Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium)
  • Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora spp.)
  • Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infection (E.
  • Giardiasis (Giardia)
  • Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)
  • Hot Tub Rash (Pseudomonas Dermatitis/Folliculitis)
  • Legionellosis (Legionella)

What are the four most common waterborne diseases?

What are the common water borne diseases in India? There are several diseases that spread through contaminated water in India, the most common being Typhoid, Cholera, Shigella, Dysentery, Malaria, Amoebiasis, Giardia and Hepatitis A. The common symptom among all of them is diarrhoea.

What are the top three causes of death in Brazil?

The leading causes of mortality were ischemic heart disease (52.4 deaths per 100,000 population), cerebrovascular disease (52.3), and malignant neoplasms of the digestive organs (31.1) (12) (Table 1).

Are STDs common in Brazil?

Background. Porto Alegre, Brazil, has the highest rates of congenital syphilis and HIV in the country. Other treatable sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with poor pregnancy and neonatal outcomes, but are only diagnosed by syndromic algorithms.

What is the most common waterborne disease?

Diarrhea. The most common of all water-borne diseases, diarrhea, mainly affects children below five years of age. The symptoms include dizziness, dehydration, pale skin, and loss of consciousness in severe cases.

What are examples of waterborne diseases?

People are introduced to these microorganisms through contaminated drinking water, water drops, aerosols and washing or bathing. Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E.

What is the water problem in Brazil?

This year, between March and May, dry weather in Brazil’s south-central region led to a 267 km3 shortage of water held in rivers, lakes, soil and aquifers, compared with the seasonal average for the past 20 years (see ‘Brazil dries out’ and ‘Low water mark’).

What is the legal age in Brazil?

Brazil. In Brazil, the age of consent is 14, regardless of gender or sexual orientation. Although not legally formalized, there is judicial precedent allowing a close-in-age exception for those aged 12–13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are as much as 5 years older.