What are the two main types of cases?


What are the two main types of cases?

Types of Cases

  • Criminal Cases. Criminal cases involve enforcing public codes of behavior, which are codified in the laws of the state.
  • Civil Cases. Civil cases involve conflicts between people or institutions such as businesses, typically over money.
  • Family Cases.

What are the elements of jurisdiction?


  • Nature of the offense.
  • Authority of the court to impose the penalty imposable given the allegation in the information.
  • Territorial jurisdiction of the court imposing the penalty.

What powers do district courts have?

The District Court hears criminal cases, domestic related cases and civil cases. The District judge in case of criminal cases has the power to give any punishment including capital punishment. The Chief Judicial Magistrate can deal with the cases which are punishable with imprisonment for a term up to seven years.

What is jurisdiction in simple terms?

1 : the power, right, or authority to interpret and apply the law a matter that falls within the court’s jurisdiction. 2a : the authority of a sovereign power to govern or legislate. b : the power or right to exercise authority : control.

What are the 4 types of jurisdiction?

There are four main types of jurisdiction (arranged from greatest Air Force authority to least): (1) exclusive federal jurisdiction; (2) concurrent federal jurisdic- tion; (3) partial federal jurisdiction; and (4) proprietary jurisdiction. Depending on your installation, more than one type of jurisdiction may apply.

What is jurisdiction and how does it impact state and federal courts?

Jurisdiction refers to the kinds of cases a court is authorized to hear. State courts have broad jurisdiction, so the cases individual citizens are most likely to be involved in — such as robberies, traffic violations, broken contracts, and family disputes — are usually tried in state courts.

What is assigning jurisdiction?

Assigning jurisdiction, making a decision, appealing the case. A lower court made an error in a case.

What is the importance of jurisdiction?

Jurisdiction is important because it limits the power of a court to hear certain cases. If courts did not exercise appropriate jurisdiction, every court could conceivably hear every case brought to them, which would lead to confusing and contradictory results.

What’s the court hierarchy?

The Commonwealth has three levels of general federal courts: High Court. Federal Court. Federal Circuit Court.

How is a typical state court system structured quizlet?

The typical state court system includes the State Supreme court, Court of Appeals, and Superior court. The differences between the state and federal court structure is the state court features specialized courts, dispute-resolution centers, state court administrators, state trial courts, and state appellate courts.

How many jurisdiction are there?

Jurisdiction is the authority given to a legal body like a court to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility. The Supreme Court in India has three types of jurisdictions – original, appellate and advisory as provided in Articles 131, 133 – 136 and 143 respectively of the Indian Constitution.

How do you use jurisdiction?

Jurisdiction sentence example

  1. We have jurisdiction on kidnappings.
  2. It’s not even my jurisdiction , even if there was something I could do.
  3. The judges have appellate jurisdiction of cases civil and criminal coming up from the lower courts.

What are the 5 types of jurisdiction?

Terms in this set (5)

  • jurisdiction. the official power to make legal decisions and judgments.
  • exclusive jurisdiction. exists where one court has the power to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of all other courts.
  • concurrent jurisdiction.
  • original jurisdiction.
  • appellate jurisdiction.

How is jurisdiction determined?

Jurisdiction in the courts of a particular state may be determined by the location of real property in a state (in rem jurisdiction), or whether the parties are located within the state (in personam jurisdiction). Thus, any state court may have jurisdiction over a matter, but the “venue” is in a particular county.

How a case goes through the court system?

Trials in criminal and civil cases are generally conducted the same way. After all the evidence has been presented and the judge has explained the law related to the case to a jury, the jurors decide the facts in the case and render a verdict. If there is no jury, the judge makes a decision on the case.

Why is federal court jurisdiction exclusive?

The federal courts enjoy ‘exclusive jurisdiction’ over some categories of cases, which means that state courts cannot adjudicate those types of disputes. For example, under 28 U.S.C. § 1338(a), the federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over cases involving patents and copyrights.

What are the 4 levels of the court system?

The Provincial Court is established by the Provincial Court Act. There are four divisions to the Provincial Court of Alberta: the Civil Division, the Family Division, the Youth Division and the Criminal Division.

What is meant by District Court?

Word forms: district courts. countable noun. In the United States, a district court is a state or federal court that has jurisdiction in a particular district. A Miami district court has scheduled a hearing for Friday.

What is jurisdiction over the person?

Jurisdiction over the person (also sometimes simply referred to as personal jurisdiction) is jurisdiction over the persons or entities, such as corporations or partnerships, involved in the lawsuit. In rem jurisdiction is implicated when an object or piece of land is the subject of the legal action.

What are two types of jurisdiction?

Types of Jurisdictions

  • Original Jurisdiction– the court that gets to hear the case first.
  • Appellate Jurisdiction– the power for a higher court to review a lower courts decision.
  • Exclusive Jurisdiction– only that court can hear a specific case.

What do state courts deal with?

State Courts in California

  • All civil cases (family law, probate, juvenile, and other civil cases);
  • All criminal cases (felonies, misdemeanors, and infractions, like traffic tickets);
  • Small claims cases and appeals of small claims cases;
  • Appeals of civil cases involving $25,000 or less; and.

What does state jurisdiction mean?

State jurisdiction refers to exercise of state court authority. The state court has the right to make a legally binding decision that affects the parties involved in a case. It can also refer to a court’s power to hear all matters, civil and criminal, arising within its territorial boundaries.

What is the difference between exclusive and concurrent jurisdiction?

Exclusive jurisdiction means only a certain court can hear a case, while concurrent jurisdiction means shared jurisdiction and more than one court can…

What is the meaning of concurrent jurisdiction?

Concurrent jurisdiction exists where two or more courts from different systems simultaneously have jurisdiction over a specific case. This situation leads to forum shopping, as parties will try to have their civil or criminal case heard in the court that they perceive will be most favorable to them.

What is the hierarchy of state courts?

NSW courts In New South Wales there are three courts of general jurisdiction (the Local Court, the District Court and the Supreme Court) and several specialist courts (the Children’s Court, the Coroner’s Court, the Drug Court and the Industrial Relations Commission).

What is the difference between Supreme Court and District Court?

The Supreme Court and the circuit courts are appellate courts, meaning that they have the authority to hear appeals of decisions by trial court judges. District court judges can conduct jury trials in criminal or civil proceedings.

What is jurisdiction and its types?

Jurisdiction classified into three categories, viz., (1) jurisdiction over the subject-matter; (2) territorial jurisdiction; and (3) pecuniary jurisdiction.

What is an example of concurrent jurisdiction?

Therefore, federal and state courts may have concurrent jurisdiction over specific crimes. For example, a person who robs a bank may be tried and convicted in state court for robbery, then tried and convicted in federal court for the federal offense of robbery of a federally-chartered savings institution.

What are the five principal areas of exclusive federal jurisdiction?

Federal courts generally have exclusive jurisdiction in cases involving (1) the Constitution, (2) violations of federal laws, (3) controversies between states, (4) disputes between parties from different states, (5) suits by or against the federal government, (6) foreign governments and treaties, (7) admiralty and …

What are examples of jurisdiction?

Examples of judicial jurisdiction are: appellate jurisdiction, in which a superior court has power to correct legal errors made in a lower court; concurrent jurisdiction, in which a suit might be brought to any of two or more courts; and federal jurisdiction (as opposed, for example, to state jurisdiction).