2021-12-19

## Is freshwater or saltwater more dense?

Salt water is more dense than fresh water Increasing the mass by adding salt increases the density. Seawater is a little bit more dense than fresh water so it sinks beneath freshwater. This means that when rivers flow out into the sea the river freshwater floats on top of the sea water.

## What is the phase diagram of water?

Notice one key difference between the general phase diagram and the phase diagram for water. In water’s diagram, the slope of the line between the solid and liquid states is negative rather than positive. The reason is that water is an unusual substance in that its solid state is less dense than the liquid state.

## What are the 4 main phase changes?

Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition.

## How is temperature affected when the depth increases?

The geothermal gradient is the amount that the Earth’s temperature increases with depth. It indicates heat ﬂowing from the Earth’s warm interior to its surface. On average, the temperature increases by about 25°C for every kilometer of depth.

## How do you find the phase change?

If the phase change is between solid and liquid the formula looks like q= mΔH fus and ΔH fus is called the heat of fusion. If the phase change is between liquid and gas the formula looks like q=mΔ vap and ΔH vap is called the heat of vaporization.

## Is oil less dense than water?

Explain that to compare the density of oil and water you need to compare the weight of equal volumes of water and oil. Since the oil is lighter, it is less dense than water and floats on water.

## Why does water density change with temperature?

The density of water can also be affected by temperature. When the same amount of water is heated or cooled, its density changes. When the water is heated, it expands, increasing in volume. The warmer the water, the more space it takes up, and the lower its density.

## What causes a phase change?

Phase changes require either the addition of heat energy (melting, evaporation, and sublimation) or subtraction of heat energy (condensation and freezing). Changing the amount of heat energy usually causes a temperature change.

## Does water get more dense the deeper you go?

As water gets warmer, its molecules spread out, so it becomes less dense. This structure is less dense than the liquid water, so ice floats. Deep water is denser than shallow water. The water molecules are packed together more tightly because of the weight of water above pushing down.

three phases

## What are the three phases of water?

There are three phases of water that are studied in elementary school: solid, liquid, and gas.

## What type of water is most dense?

Explanation: cold water is more dense than warm water because hot water molecules move faster than molecules of cold water. High salt content is more dense than water with no salt: in fact, salt is more dense then water, So, Cold water and salty water both have high density.

## How can you increase the density of water?

Pour approximately 4 tbsp of salt into a cup of water. If you need to increase the density of a greater volume of water, use proportionally more salt. Stir thoroughly until the salt completely dissolves in the water.

## Why does water has maximum density at 4 C?

As the temperature of warm water decreases, the water molecules slow down and the density increases. At 4 °C, the clusters start forming. The molecules are still slowing down and coming closer together, but the formation of clusters makes the molecules be further apart. Thus, the density of water is a maximum at 4 °C.

## How is density affected when the depth increases?

As you go deeper in depth, pressure increases. Density = mass/volume. The layers beneath us due to pressure get packed to the point of being very dense.

## What change of phase is exothermic?

Phases and Phase Transitions

Phase Transition Direction of ΔH
Vaporization (liquid to gas) ΔH>0; enthalpy increases (endothermic process)
Sublimation (solid to gas) ΔH>0; enthalpy increases (endothermic process)
Freezing (liquid to solid) ΔH<0; enthalpy decreases (exothermic process)

## What are the 6 types of phase changes?

Melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, sublimation, and deposition are six common phase changes.

## How much does water density change with temperature?

We see the same trend in going from liquid water at 25 deg C (0.9970 g/mL) to liquid water at 4 deg C (0.99997 g/mL). Density increase as the temperature decreases. Below 4 deg C, however, the density decreases again.

## Does water density increase with depth?

The density increase with depth caused by the temperature decrease plays the greatest role in determining the density of a sample of water. Surface water temperatures vary much more than deep water temperatures. Most of the ocean is warm at the surface and colder at increasing depths.